Diabetes which is also referred to as Diabetes Mellitus is a type of ailment where an individual has very high levels of blood glucose. This disease can either be a result of the body not being able to produce the necessary amount of insulin or the body cells deciding to ignore the glucose that is produced thus causing the cells to starve. Some of the most common symptoms which are associated with diabetes include frequent urination, sudden weight loss, excess urine, vision changes, extreme hunger, numbness of hands and legs, feeling exhausted all the time, having extremely dry skin, having sores that do not heal faster, nausea, stomach pains and so much other symptoms. It is very important for one to visit the doctor so that they may get a diagnosis whenever they experience a number of these symptoms.
Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Diabetes can be classified into two types. These include type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
For type 1 diabetes, the body of the individual affected fails to produce any insulin at all. This type of diabetes is however very rare and it can be quantified to encompass only 10% of the people who are living with diabetes. This type of diabetes is also known as insulin dependent diabetes. The pancreas of the affected individual does not make any glucose at all which therefore negatively affects the body. The age group of people who get this type of diabetes is those who are below 40 years of age. For such, treatment would require one to get insulin injections for the rest of their life and also carry out regular blood tests.
For type 2 diabetes, the body fails to produce enough insulin or at times the body cells fail to react to the insulin produced thereby creating insulin resistance. This type of diabetes is more common as its prevalence takes about 90% of the people who are living with diabetes. Type 2 of diabetes is very easy to control by simply keeping in check of one’s weight and also monitoring their blood glucose levels in regular intervals.
This type of diabetes only affects the women during their pregnancies. As such, their blood sugar level raises and at times the body fails to produce the needed insulin. Diagnosis of this type of diabetes can only be done during pregnancy the easiest way that one can follow to enable prevent gestational diabetes is by making sure that one consumes very low cholesterol during their pregnancy. This type only affects pregnant women. When this diabetes is not treated, it can result to a lot of complications for the mother and the baby but it always disappears after the pregnancy. Others may include surgery, drugs, malnutrition and many others.
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